The VOW consortium consists of actively collaborating, socially responsible, strong partners experienced in industrial innovation projects. The project budget is 21 mill. NOK, of which 10 mill. is funded by the Research Council of Norway and the remainder by our industry partners.
Consortium representatives, first row: Erlend Sørmo (NGI), Karen Ane Skjennum (Lindum), second row, from left to right: Per Carlsson (SINTEF ER), Gorm Thune (Lindum), Jon Stiansen (Clairs), Gerard Cornelissen (NGI), Hans Peter Arp (NGI). Back row, left to right: Gudny Okkenhaug (NGI), Anders Are (Mivanor), Pål Jahre Nilsen, Scanship), Thomas Hartnik (Lindum), Andreas Smebye (NGI), Åsgeir Wien (Scanship).
The consortium consists of waste- and sewage handling companies (Lindum, VEAS, Vesar), a technology provider (Scanship) with a network of waste producers (the cruise and aquaculture industry), and end users in both soil treatment (Lindum), water treatment (Mivanor) and gas/odor treatment (Clairs).
Lindum will provide waste timber, garden waste as well as digestate and reject from their biogas plant. Lindum will also facilitate the use of designer biochar in stabilizing contaminated waste before landfilling or for in situ and ex situ treatment of contaminated soil.
Vesar will be working with pyrolysis of garden waste, reject which is separated from food waste before treatment in the biogas plant, and biorest, a fiber-rich fraction that remains after biogas formation.
VEAS, with NGI, will evaluate the net benefit of valorizing contaminated sewage sludge containing microplastics and persistent pollutants. Scanship has recently set up an operative pilot-scale pyrolyzer unit. The knowledge from this unit will be used in the project and serve as a template for the full-scale unit to be established at Lindum.
Mivanor will be responsible for small-scale testing of biochar sorbents in their rotating packed bed reactor, with the aim of improving the effectiveness of their current flocculation-based wastewater treatment technology.
Lindum’s subsidiary company, Clairs will study the use of designer biochar in air filters and in relevant industry projects.
Project leader NGI will design the sorbent materials, test the sorbent properties and quantify contents and availability of contaminants before and after pyrolysis.
Technical University of Denmark (DTU), with NGI, will evaluate environmental impacts in an LCA. NGI, Lindum and VEAS will collaborate to carry out the socio-economic analyses. SINTEF Energy Research AS (SINTEF ER) will perform well controlled, small-scale pyrolysis experiments using the feedstocks considered in the project.
SINTEF ER will also work closely with Scanship to transfer small scale findings to a larger scale in the Scanship reactor. During the larger scale experiments SINTEF ER and Scanship will work as a team to mitigate scale-up issues.
The consortium has three other international collaborators, each adding unique expertise. Agroscope, the Swiss soil research institute, is the global leader on biochar modification for optimal binding of organic pollutants. University of Florida hold the same position in the field of biochars modification for metal binding as well as biochar characterization. Hunan University provides access to cost-effective and high-tech biochar characterization techniques, as well as to field sites appropriate for in situ testing of the biochar sorbents.
Project consortium and roles
Overall project management
will be by Prof. Gerard Cornelissen (NGI) and Dr. Thomas Hartnik (Lindum), assisted by Cathrine Eckbo (NGI). Erlend Sørmo (NGI) will take his PhD degree in the realm of the project, at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).
NGI - Norwegian Geotechnical Institute
is Norway's leading institute on sorbent amendments for environmental remediation, and has previously led two BIA projects on this topic: "Active" on contaminated soil, and "Opticap" on contaminated sediment. NGI is currently carrying out an internally financed project "Geo Resources in a Circular Economy" in collaboration with Lindum. NGI is an international pioneer on the topic of biochar with earlier projects in Norway (FriPro, 217918), Nepal, Indonesia (Klimaforsk, 243789; NorGlobal, 203901) and Zambia (Norad-financed). NGI is world-leading on bioavailability of organic compounds and metals in the environment, and recently developed the first method to quantify microplastic in environmental samples.
is one of Norway’s leading players in the treatment and recycling of organic and inorganic waste, as well as contaminated soil. The company has a long tradition for R&D and innovation within the circular economy and works on sustainable utilization of resources in waste streams. Lindum's main goal is to market recycle biological waste fractions into high quality products in order to maximise environmental and economic benefit. Currently Lindum performs various projects to study how industrial waste can be used for stabilisation of pollutants in contaminated soil and waste. Lindums subsidiary Clairs (http://clairs.no/) develops odor and air treatment solutions for industrial applications.
develops solutions for half of the 5 million tonnes of organic waste (food, paper, packaging) produced by the global cruise industry. The company is at the forefront of the development of pyrolysis technologies, with their operative pilot plant equipped with a microwave-assisted energy-effective heating unit, capable of reaching the high temperatures required to make high-quality sorbent materials.
is Norway’s largest wastewater treatment plant, serving over 600 000 people in the Oslo area and producing 14 000 tonnes of sludge dry matter annually. In addition to contributing to a clean Oslofjord, the treatment process produces VEAS-soil, a bio-fertilizer containing lime, nitrogen fertilizer, and biogas. VEAS has an ambition of becoming a key player in developing sustainable and circular solutions that will result in zero discharge to air, water and soil from their treatment plant, while at the same time producing profitable products from the sewage input. An optimised pyrolysis process could be a key component in fulfilling these ambitions.
offers innovative and high-quality solutions for treating polluted wastewater. Mivanor was founded on the basis of a self-developed technology to treat leachate from a landfill. After developing the technology for parent company Iris Salten, Mivanor now offers its solution to a wide range of companies in different industries. The Mivanor division in Sandnes is currently working with adsorption processes in a high speed, rotating reactor using different kinds of adsorbent materials.
SINTEF Energy Research AS (SINTEF ER)
has a solid track record in biomass and waste pyrolysis, with 7 NFR projects. SINTEF ER will contribute with their extensive experience in in thermochemical conversion of biomass, experiments and mathematical modelling of pyrolysis, in addition to experimental facilities and measurement equipment.
Vestfold Waste and Ressurs AS (Vesar) is a company owned by the municipalities of Horten, Holmestrand, Larvik, Færder, Sandefjord and Tønsberg. Its main task is services related to household renovation on behalf of the owner municipalities. Vesar is one of the partners in "The Magical Factory", where food waste and animal manure are recycled into climate-friendly biogas for vehicles, bio fertilizer for the production of new food. The collaboration with agriculture has helped to ensure that the plant has been granted national pilot status. In the factory itself, food waste is recycled from about 1 million inhabitants, and animal manure is recycled from 34 farms.
University of Florida, USA
is the leading group on designer biochar for metal binding and biochar stability (Prof. Andrew R. Zimmerman and Prof. Bin Gao).
is the leading institute on biochar activation and they have one of the first pyrolysis units where the degree of activation can be strictly controlled. They led a recent Nature paper on the mechanisms of biochar effects on soil fertility and a paper on activated biochar.
Hunan University, China
are experts on soil and sediment remediation, with over 20 publications in the field of reusing sewage sludge as a possible sorbent amendment for soil, as well as the decontamination of microplastics and pollutants from sludge. Hunan will be responsible for the in situ trials.
Technical University of Denmark, DTU
is one of the global top-5 academic environments on life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods and their application in LCA applied to biomass-based products (including biochars) and soil remediation technologies. DTU are the most publishing and cited university worldwide on LCA. DTU is a partner in the NGI-led NFR Klimaforsk project 243789.