Project coordination and management
The RAPSODI consortium consists of three European (NGI, METU, TU-BS), and one Japanese partner (PARI). Prof. Dr. Carl B. Harbitz, from NGI, will be the principal project leader, while Prof. Dr. Yoshiyuki Nakamura, from PARI, will be the Japanese project leader.
A steering committee (SC) consisting of one representative from each of the four partners (NGI, PARI, METU, and TUBS) will oversee the project to ensure that the objectives are successfully achieved, including integration of the activities, quality of deliverables, timely delivery, and dissemination of the results to stakeholders, decision-makers and professionals. Progress reports will be required from each partner every six months and delivered to the SC.
The work will be organized in six work packages, each with a work package leader. The collaboration will further use the existing MoUs and previous long term and positive collaborations between the partners, thus limiting the bureaucracy at the start of the project.
With individual and national funding, each partner will be responsible for their own financial resources.
Smaller meeting events/workshops are scheduled in Norway (early project meeting) and Turkey in 2013, and in Germany and Japan in 2014. A larger project meeting/dissemination seminar is scheduled in Japan in 2015. To encourage frequent interactions and reduce direct and personnel costs, electronic meetings will be done at all levels. Other meetings will tentatively be arranged in connection with international tsunami conferences.
The partners have agreed to a sharing of work tasks and responsibilities:
- NGI will have a special responsibility for the vulnerability and risk model, and will also work extensively on the numerical modelling of tsunami generation (various sources), propagation, and inundation.
- PARI will perform large scale experiments on breakwater resilience against tsunami attack and centrifugal experiments on submarine landslide tsunamis. PARI will further provide data and knowledge on tsunami damage and fatalities for further joint development of tsunami vulnerability models and prevention structures.
- METU will perform hydraulic experiments on the performance of selected rubble mound structures under the attack of long waves, numerical modelling of tsunamis from source to target, computation of tsunami parameters near shore and in the vicinity of structures (high resolution modelling), computation of flow pattern, resonance, and wave amplifications in semi closed basins (harbours and bays), as well as vulnerability, hazard, and risk analyses.
- TU-BS, with the help of guest students and researchers, will perform the damage analysis of existing structures in Japan using the field data available in RAPSODI. It will further perform laboratory experiments, together with other RAPSODI partners, for increased understanding of the failure of these structures (incl. the tsunami-induced loads). This will help to develop new design of coastal tsunami protection and will eventually lead to innovative ideas of tsunami mitigation. TU-BS will also assist in performing model tests on innovative structures which will lead to an improved protection against tsunamis and thus to a reduced risk.
The RAPSODI project will combine on-going state of the art research on coastal protection with new field data and new laboratory experiments on tsunami impacts on structures and buildings. The project will provide a new understanding of the failure modes beyond today's simple empirical relationships between water depth and damages or number of fatalities. This will lead to innovative design of prevention structures and strengthened protection of people.
Updated numerical models comprising new modules for current velocities and fluxes in complex topographies/urban areas together with increased understanding of failure modes, and application of field data on structural, socio-economic, and ecological vulnerability will arrange for new and quantitative tsunami risk assessment.
The project will provide a creative international framework and facilitate the collaboration among four partners, each with unique and complementary scientific and technical expertise on:
- physical and numerical modelling of tsunamis, including source mechanisms (earthquakes, landslides, rock slides, debris flows, volcanoes), generation, propagation, coastal amplification, and inundation
- tsunami vulnerability (including structural, social, socio-economic, and socio-ecological vulnerability)
- tsunami risk (structural, societal, economical, and environmental) assessment.
The partners have the necessary experience, expertise and infrastructure to conduct this project to successful completion. The partners have also experience with large cooperation research projects.
has complementary expertise within vulnerability and risk assessment in general, and has performed the first global and several regional tsunami hazard and exposure analyses, as well as local tsunami vulnerability and risk analyses. In particular, NGI has developed a GIS model for tsunami risk assessment. Detailed suggestions for developing this model further based on data from the 2011 Tohoku tsunami is already reported (NGI 2011).
has expertise on fatalities and damages caused by tsunami impact and has access to data from the 2011 event, and earlier events. PARI's laboratory facilities for tsunamis and protection structures are invaluable for validation and further improvement of the existing models for numerical simulation and risk assessment of tsunamis.
Department of Civil Engineering, Ocean Engineering Research Center (METU), has long experience and close collaboration with international organizations (UNESCO, IAEA, JNES) and academic and operational institutions from different countries all over the world including Japan, US, and the European Union. These collaborative, joint research, and consultancy activities have covered all aspects of tsunamis from paleo tsunami surveys, post tsunami field surveys, numerical modeling, early warning systems, hazard assessment, risk management, and development of guidelines for tsunami safety.
Leichtweiß - Institute for Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources (TU-BS) was involved in a German-Thai research project on tsunami risk (TRAIT, Tsunami Risks, Vulnerability and Resilience in the Phang-Nga and Phuket Provinces, Thailand, coordinated by the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel). TU-BS has good contacts with Indonesian partners where tsunami related issues have been extensively researched. TU-BS has also wide experience with EU and large German research projects on flood risk (induced by either tsunamis or storm surges) and on the development of methods and tools on structural performances, failure modes, reliability of structures, and vulnerability issues.
NGI and PARI already have a memorandum of understanding (MoU), covering cooperation within the field of natural hazards. Both METU and TUBS also have long term collaboration with Japanese institutions including PARI. With this background the consortium will be able to develop innovative design of tsunami protection structures and new models for quantification of tsunami vulnerability and risk. The findings will be based on dedicated laboratory experiments and numerical simulations to provide input data and to test the functionality of results of the project. The partners have the necessary infrastructure to do both the laboratory and numerical modelling.